Arrhythmia – a group of common diseases of the cardiovascular system, characterized by varying the frequency or regularity of the heartbeat. Arrhythmias are divided into tachycardia (increased heart), bradycardia (slow heartbeat), Extrasystoles (extraordinary reduction) and heart block (in case of blockade of impulse cannot pass through certain areas of the heart muscle and reducing the different parts of the heart occur not coordinated).
Causes. Heart – is one of the most amazing organs in the body. It has the property of automaticity – the ability to rhythmically to shrink under the influence of impulses originating in him. This means that the heart can be relatively autonomously, and provide the body with blood, even in cases of possible damage to the nervous system. However, under the influence of various factors, even in this almost perfect system errors may occur and interruptions. At the heart arrhythmia is changing formation conditions of excitation of the heart muscle or abnormality of the ways of its distribution. Arrhythmias can be caused by functional impairment and severe organic lesions of heart.
feeling heartbeats; weakness, dizziness;
pain or pressure in the chest: shortness of breath or rapid breathing;
fainting and loss of consciousness
Often the patients for a long time without experiencing any discomfort associated with the disease and later to seek medical help.
What you can do? Arrhythmia should engage a qualified cardiologist. If you or your loved ones suspected to arrhythmia, you should immediately see a specialist. Do not self. It is important to remember that antiarrhythmic drugs may appoint a doctor, since almost all drugs are so-called proarrhythmic activity. That is, the drug itself can cause bouts of arrhythmia, even those who before the patient was not.
A doctor may suspect an arrhythmia during cardiac auscultation. In this case the patient is assigned ECG study. An electrocardiogram (EKG) – a graphical representation of the potential difference that arises during the work of the heart to the body surface, the device registered under the name of the electrocardiograph in electrocardiography. The electrocardiogram is one of the main methods for diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. To study the dynamics of the patient developed a special method by which the daily ECG – Holter monitoring. ECG recording is carried out continuously for 24 hours. For this purpose a small wearable recorder, for this purpose a small recorder worn, it produces a clock recording the electrocardiogram and the transfer of information on the work of the heart for one day in the computer. It is also possible to load the ECG: a patient during the study suggest pedal bicycle or running on a moving track.
To identify the causes of the arrhythmia, you may be assigned additional methods of research. For the treatment of arrhythmia prescribed antiarrhythmic drugs. In some cases this can significantly reduce the manifestations of arrhythmia. In severe cases may require a pacemaker (a device used to maintain the rhythm of the heart).
Prophylaxis. Prevention of arrhythmias caused by heart disease coincides with the appropriate prevention of heart disease. With respect to certain attacks (paroxysms), heart rate, are prone to frequent repetition, developed drug prevention: a daily intake of complex drugs in appropriate doses for a long time.
Prevention of arrhythmias is monitoring and timely treatment of chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, as well as regular health examinations with the passage of the ECG study.