Signs of a lesion of nervous system in hypertension.
Functional impairment and subjective feelings resulting from neurotic conditions or neurosis which developed in the process of hypertension, are often dominated the clinical picture. The most frequent and stable, although nonspecific, manifestations of disorders of the nervous system in hypertension include headache and sleep disorders. The latter are particularly necessary to consider as a factor contributing to worsening of a neurotic state, and to take appropriate measures to eliminate them.
With the progression of hypertension, especially in its cerebral form, increases the severity of headaches, dizziness (which are often a consequence of prolonged vestibular disorders), tinnitus, glimpses of “flies” before the eyes and other subjective feelings related to the greatest extent with vascular disorders.
Most researchers, who have studied the state of higher nervous activity in essential hypertension, concluded that patients occurs mainly unbalanced type of nervous system. However, it should be borne in mind that often particularly nervous and mental activity can be purchased in patients with completely opposite. Despite the severity of the disease, patients retain the ability to work professionally, vigor, willpower, commitment, and they can not reveal any significant pathological changes in the state of higher nervous activity.
In most cases, the hypertension observed in various disorders of the functions of the analyzers. If, in the earlier signs include a partial reduction of taste, then later reduced sensitivity applies to all taste sensations (bitter, salty, sour and sweet). In all stages of the disease can be observed a significant hearing loss, which usually reversible under the influence of effective treatment. Also frequently identified areas of increased skin sensitivity, particularly in the neck and chest (front and back) to level IV ribs, and especially pronounced – in the sternum.
With progressive, usually heavily flowing, hypertension may appear state of functional disturbances of cerebral hemodynamic. It usually develops clinical signs, including a significant increase in blood pressure, headaches with frequent nausea and vomiting, a drastic reduction in vision, convulsions, increased intracranial pressure.
Various signs of nervous system in hypertension and the incidence of related complications and deaths take on the prevalence of second place after the pathological changes in the cardiovascular system.