According to statistics in the world is growing mortality from diseases of the cardiovascular system. Study the causes of these diseases has shown that some of them due to infection, others have a hereditary or congenital nature. However, the largest group of diseases is largely the consequences of bad habits and poor lifestyle choices. Such diseases to some extent can be prevented.
Given the nature and cause of heart disease can be divided into five different groups: Rheumatic, Syphilitic, Atherosclerotic disease and high blood pressure, Congenital, Functional.? In addition, there are some diseases that do not fall into any of the above groups and are worthy of special mention. They are: ?- Acute dilation of the heart, resulting from overloading a weak heart muscle a large amount of blood, while it is stretched, increases in size and filled with blood, – Atrial fibrillation (rapid reduction of individual muscle fibers of the atria, with the full reduction of the atria does not occur), the accompanying heart failure, – Atrial flutter (regular but rapid reduction of fibrillation, for which no time the ventricles), – Paroxysmal tachycardia (periods of very frequent heart contractions), – Coronary thrombosis, which usually occurs as a result of atherosclerosis, – Myocardial infarction (necrosis of the area of heart muscle due to insufficient blood supply), – Heart failure – the end result of any heart disease.
Causes of rheumatic diseases can be either viral or bacterial infection, or a combination thereof. Manifestations of the heart may include endocarditis (inflammation of the inner lining of the heart), pericarditis (inflammation of the outer shell of the heart) or myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle). Unfortunately, each of these pathologies can lead to permanent damage of the heart.
With incorrect or inadequate treatment of infectious agents (streptococci, gonococci, influenza virus) can migrate through the bloodstream and affect heart valves, causing inflammation. Now, in order to pump blood, the heart will shrink to a greater and greater force.
By itself, syphilis does not cause heart damage. It invades the wall of the aortic arch and aortic valve. In this case, most often formed by the aortic valve defect in the form of its failure, so, just thrown out of the heart into the aorta, blood can freely flow back into the left ventricle during the period between contractions. The left ventricle begins to accumulate a larger amount of blood the heart muscle is no longer handle the load, and the ventricle is greatly increased.
Atherosclerosis causes narrowing of the arteries that leads to the worst blood supply to organs, including heart. Hypertension is an additional strain on the heart. The combination of increased stress and a weakened heart muscle can eventually lead to organ damage. Causes of atherosclerosis and hypertension: the natural aging process, sensitivity to tobacco and other toxins, long-term infection, anxiety, stress, stressful life, an excess of cholesterol in the body.
Congenital heart diseases are common. In many cases they did not manifest it, and are diagnosed at prophylactic inspection. But there are several congenital diseases that have very clear symptoms. Congenital aortic stenosis – is too narrow lumen of the aorta, which leads to a strong increase in blood pressure in the upper body and low in the bottom. Complication can be bleeding in the brain.
Functional disorders – various disorders of cardiac activity, which do not lead to any changes or organic diseases (tachycardia). The main reasons are: toxins and poisons trapped in the body or produced by the body, possibly the intestinal tract, strong excitation or vice versa, depression, – Drinking coffee, tea, tobacco, alcoholic beverages, digestive disorders, constipation.
If you find yourself in these symptoms, consult your doctor. Patients with acute heart failure should always be supervised by a therapist, and patients with chronic heart disease should be inspected periodically. No specific treatment regimen at home there. Conversely, patients are strongly advised not to self-medicate and seek medical attention. During treatment, avoid severe psychological and physical stress, do not drink cold water.
Prevention of many congenital diseases is compliance with the future mother of daily routine, diet, avoiding harmful habits, regular visits to the gynecologist during pregnancy.
For the prevention of rheumatic diseases should be fully treat emerging infectious disease you have. If you are prescribed a course of antibiotics lasting 7-10 days, go through it completely, even if you feel better the third or fourth day of treatment. Otherwise remain in the body the infection can cause the development of heart disease. ? The only way to prevent syphilitic heart disease is to prevent infection. Avoid frequent change of sexual partners, use barrier methods of contraception.
Prevention of atherosclerosis and hypertension is diet, moderation in eating and regular exercise. The older you get, the more important to follow these tips. Give up bad habits, unhealthy lifestyles and promiscuity as quickly as possible. Happiness, satisfaction and peace of mind – are essential to the preservation of the heart healthy and strong.